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Aristotle died in 322 BC, Chalcis, Greece.
Date 322 BCE
Aristotle discovered that dolphins were sea mammals and not fish.
Some reef fish change from female to male.
The difference between homologous and analogous. Homologous in his discoveries was organisms who shared ancestry. and Analogous is organisms that have organs that performs similar functions but evolved separately.
And some sharks give birth to live young.
Which all of these discoveries in biology are correct up to this date and are still being taught.

*There was no recorded date for this data*
Date 343 BCE
Aristotle came up with 4 causes that enters in the scientific explanation of why an object exists in the shape or form it does.
The four causes is the Material, Formal, Efficient, and the Final Cause.
The Material cause is what the object is made out of.
The Formal Cause is the shape or form the object is in.
The Efficient cause is how the object happened.
The Final cause is the purpose of the object.

These causes is not rejected by modern science and is still concerned with some modern sciences.

*There was no recorded date for this data*
Date 344 BCE
Aristotle believed that the Earth, other planets and the sun was round. He believed this because of the round shaped shadows during eclipses, we can see the sail before the ship, and the height of the stars change when we move.
These are pretty accurate, we now recognize that the earth is round because of the round horizon and how cannot see things beyond the horizon, which goes with his you can see the sail before the ship theory.

*There was no recorded date for this data*
Date 344 BCE
Aristotle believed in 3 types of souls and that the soul and body coexisted.
The 3 types of souls were the vegetative, nutritive, and rational souls.
The Vegetative soul has little potential, but it can grow and nourish it self. Examples of beings with this soul is organisms like the worm.
The Nutritive/sensitive soul can move some and experience sensations.
The Rational soul has the most potential and is capable of the same powers of others.
In modern terms, these would be the differences between plants, animals and humans which is the 3 main and known kinds of living organisms. To the exception that humans are known as animals now.

*There was no recorded date for this data*
Date 345 BCE
Aristotle made observations way above his time for zoology.
Some of his observations were in anatomy of a octipus, cuttlefish, crustaceans, and many other marine organisms. His findings were very accurate and believed to be done through dissections. He described embryological development of a chick, distinguished whales and dolphins from fish (as said in a slide before), described the stomachs of ruminants and the social organizations of bees.
All of these findings were proven to be accurate and some were centuries above his own time.

*There was no recorded date for this data*
Date 346 BCE
Aristotle recognizes that the Earth was looked different than it is at the moment. In the trestise "Meteorology" he discusses winds, earthquakes, thunder, lightning, rainbows, meteors, comets, and the Milky Way in which at the time he thought was atmospheric phenomena. He also discusses the hydro-logic cycle. With all that he believed that parts of the Earth were not always moist or dry, and that parts of the sea and parts of the land were not always sea or land. Aristotle said that these events were so slow that we wouldn't be able to see the changes of earth in the duration of our lifetimes.

These findings of Aristotle were proven to be accurate up to today except for the Milky way being an atmospheric phenomenon

*There was no recorded date for this data*
Date 347 BCE
Aristotle developed theories on Optical Concepts, like when Aristotle made a camera obscura of different sized holes and shapes of the holes, he observed that the sun would always be displayed as round even with the different sized and shaped holes in the camera obscura.
Aristotle's camera obscura is also the modern analogous of the diaphragm in a camera.
He as well observed that when the distance between the aperture and the surface with the image increased, the image was magnified.
Date 350 BCE
Aristotle was born in Stagira, Chalcidice at 384 BC. Under his teen years he went under the teachings of Plato.
Date 384 BCE

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How was Aristotle an effective philosopher up to today with his teachings and discoveries?
Created by jessicacurri on May 27, 2013
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